The Science Behind Gel Products: Ingredients and Formulas

Written by: Angela



Time to read 4 min


Gel nails have revolutionized the beauty industry, offering long-lasting manicures that withstand the test of time. But have you ever wondered about the science behind these innovative products? At Nail Reserve, we'll explore the fascinating world of gel polish formulas, exploring the key ingredients and their roles in creating stunning manicures.

1. Understanding Gel Polish Formula:

Gel products have several key components, each vital in achieving the desired results. These formulations include:

Base Coat: The foundation of any gel manicure, the base coat provides adhesion to the natural nail and creates a smooth surface for the color gel to adhere to.

Color Gel: This pigment-rich component adds color and vibrancy to your nails. Color gels come in various tones & finishes, allowing for endless creativity and customization.

Topcoat: The final step in the gel manicure process, the topcoat seals in the gel color and provides a glossy or matte finish, based on your choice. It also enhances durability and protects the manicure from chipping and fading.

Our Base Coat, Top Coat & Remover are formulated with Vegan, Cruelty-Free & 21-Free ingredients, meaning harsh chemicals are reduced and our products provide amazing results, especially when paired together.ย This bundle is the perfect companion to your nail art, designed to provide high protection, ultra-shine & long-lasting wear.ย 

gel polish swatch

๐Ÿ˜ Our revolutionary Vegan formula infuses the powerful active ingredients to give your nails immediate results when creating perfect-pretty doll nails, dramatic sexy designs, and everything in between.ย 

2. Key Ingredients in Gel Polish Products:

A. Resins: Resins are the backbone of gel nail formulations, providing strength and flexibility to the manicure. Standard resins used in gel products include acrylates, urethanes, and oligomers. As resin pigments and plasticizers are applied directly to the nail, we recommend using a gel that will provide you not just a good-quality manicure but a safe professional product on your nails.

Our formula is 21-free is free of 21 harmful ingredients such as Toluene, benzene, hydroquinone (HQ), 4-MEHQ, TPHP, nonylphenol ethoxylates, tert-butyl hydroperoxide, chromium oxide greens, bismuth oxychloride, ethyl tosylamide, xylene, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin, phthalates, cyclic silicones, camphor, and methyl ethyl ketone, also we are 100% vegan and cruelty-free. This makes us one of the leading brands that care about your nail's health and the planet.

Also, there is more to it! Our Nail Reserve formula isn't something you are used to in an average gel polish โ€“ it's the Queen of them all, and here's why. We prioritize your well-being with the safest ingredients and we have created a special formula that is silky and weightless, with a moisturizing texture that feels softer and smoother โ€“ designed to glide over the nails.

Our gel polish is on the thicker side, which means you can slap it on in one go. None of that layering nonsense. One coat, full coverage, and you are ready to rock with a color that pops! The best part is that it sticks like glue to your nail bed, so say goodbye to chipping and fade-outs for up to three whole weeks ๐Ÿ˜Š

But wait, there's more! That thick formula? It's not just for show. It's like an armor for your nails, standing up to whatever your day throws at you. So, your manicure stays on point whether you're typing up a storm or hitting the gym.

Our formula's thickness keeps things smooth when it's time to cure under the UV lamp. There will be no shrinkage, just a flawless finish that'll make you look like you stepped out of the fanciest salon in town. And what a game changer that is! Donโ€™t you agree?

B. Pigments: Pigments are responsible for adding color to the gel polish. These finely ground particles come in various shades and can be customized to achieve specific tones and effects. And as you know, we have plenty ๐Ÿ˜Š

Don't forget that there are also some gel polish finishes, such crรจme, jelly, crelly, glitter, shimmer, pearlescent, chrome, metallic, holographic, cat-eye, glow-in-the-dark, color-changing, that you can use for the perfect manicure touch.


C. Photo initiators: Are essential for the curing process of gel polishes. When exposed to UV or LED light, these compounds trigger a chemical reaction that transforms the gel from liquid to solid.


D. Plasticizers: Plasticizers are additives that enhance the flexibility and durability of gel nail products. They help prevent brittleness and cracking, ensuring a long-lasting and chip-resistant manicure. And guess what? We have our fantastic topcoat to give you the perfect final touch!

3. Safety Considerations:

While gel products offer many benefits, it's crucial to use them safely to avoid potential risks. Here are some key safety considerations to keep in mind:

Use quality products: Avoiding harmful ingredients can significantly improve your nail's health. That's why we recommend using our 21-free formula ๐Ÿ˜Š

If you avoid the harmful ingredients, your nail health will be improved.

UV Exposure: Limit exposure to UV light during the curing process to minimize the risk of skin damage. (Use the recommended time per coat).

Proper Application and Removal: Follow the companyโ€™s instructions carefully when applying and removing gel polish products to prevent damage to the natural nail.

Skin Sensitivity: Look for vegan ingredients and safe gel formulas to avoid skin sensitivity or allergic reactions to certain gel nail ingredients. If you notice any adverse reactions, discontinue use and consult a dermatologist.

gel polish NR

4. How to apply our Nail Reserve gel polishes:

As we explained, our gel stands out from the rest, and here is how to apply it to look fabulous:

๐Ÿ’…Begin by preparing the nails, ensuring they are clean and buffed to create a smooth surface. Push back your cuticles and clean the nail residue with alcohol.

๐Ÿ’… Shake the gel bottle vigorously to ensure proper mixing of the formula.

๐Ÿ’… Apply very thin layers of base coat, color, and topcoat, ensuring each layer is

evenly distributed. (Cure each step as recommended)

๐Ÿ’… Cure the nails under a UV lamp for 1-2 minutes to set the gel polish.

๐Ÿ’… Avoid applying the gel polish on the cuticles to prevent lifting and clean any excess product before curing.ย 

๐Ÿ’ก Did you know

Understanding the science behind gel polishย products can help you make informed decisions and achieve stunning manicures while prioritizing nail health and safety. By familiarizing yourself with essential ingredients and formulas, you can create beautiful nails with confidence and peace of mind. So, let's try our products and bring your manicure to the next level!

gel polish swatch